- Video report by ITV News Asia Correspondent Debi Edward
Separated Korean families have met, most for the first time in over 60 years, for a profound reunion in the North after crossing the heavily fortified border that drove them apart following the Korean War.
Around 200 South Koreans and their family members met relatives from the North at the Diamond Mountain resort on Monday, in what was an extremely impassioned reunion.
The week-long event comes as the rival Koreas boost reconciliation efforts amid a diplomatic push to resolve a stand-off over North Korea’s drive for a nuclear weapons programme that can reliably target the continental United States.
The reunion produced powerful highly emotional images of elderly Koreans crying, embracing and reminiscing with each other, in what could be the last time they see elderly loved ones before they die.
Most of the families were driven apart during the 1950-53 Korean War, which ended in a cease-fire, not a peace treaty, leaving the Korean Peninsula still in a technical state of war.
Buses carrying the elderly South Koreans attending this week’s reunions arrived at a border immigration office on Monday morning.
After undergoing immigration checks, they crossed the border by bus and traveled to the Diamond Mountain resort.
Nearly 20,000 people have participated in 20 rounds of face-to-face reunions held between the countries since 2000.
Another 3,700 exchanged video messages with their North Korean relatives under a short-lived programme from 2005 to 2007. No one has had a second chance to see their relatives.
According to Seoul’s Unification Ministry, 197 separated South Koreans and their family members will take part in the first round of reunions that run from Monday to Wednesday. Another 337 South Koreans will participate in a second round of reunions from Friday to Sunday.
South Korea will also send dozens of medical and emergency staff to Diamond Mountain to prepare for potential health problems considering the large number of elderly participants.
Many of the South Korean participants are war refugees born in North Korea who will be meeting their siblings or the infant children they left behind, many of them now into their 70s.
During the three years since the reunions were last held, the North tested three nuclear weapons and multiple missiles that demonstrated a potential of striking the continental United States.
North Korea has shifted to diplomacy in recent months. Leader Kim Jong Un and South Korean President Moon Jae-in, a son of North Korean war refugees, agreed to resume the reunions during the first of their two summits this year in April.
South Korea sees the separated families as the largest humanitarian issue created by the war, which killed and injured millions and cemented the division of the Korean Peninsula into the North and South. The ministry estimates there are currently about 600,000 to 700,000 South Koreans with immediate or extended relatives in North Korea.
But Seoul has failed to persuade Pyongyang to accept its long-standing call for more frequent reunions with more participants.