RBS chairman says focus on survival explains Government’s failure to recoup bailout

Howard Davies is chairman of Royal Bank of Scotland (PA) Credit: PA Wire/PA Images

The chairman of Royal Bank of Scotland says it is no surprise that the Government will fail to recover losses from the lender’s bailout, with the bank having focused on its “survival” over the past decade.

Howard Davies said the government “has for the most part been an excellent shareholder” but that taxpayers are “unlikely to recoup its investment in full” given the bank’s languishing share price 10 years on from its £45 billion rescue.

“The focus on survival over a decade has had a cost,” he said in a lecture prepared for Kings College in London, marking 10 years since the financial crisis.

Loan loss provisions, hits from acquisitions and costs linked to misconduct and litigation over the likes of mis-selling of payment protection insurance (PPI) and sub prime mortgages in the US, were a major drag on RBS finances.

“The bank has lost almost £130 billion during the period,” Mr Davies said.

“That amounts to around four-and-a-half times the bank’s current market capitalisation.”

RBS – which is still 62% owned by the Government –  was also hit with £15 billion in restructuring costs in an attempt to shrink the bank which was once the largest in the world prior to the financial crisis.

“There has also been another significant drag on the bank’s book value which is not captured in these figures,” he said, pointing to EU requirements linked to its state bailout.

Mr Davies floated the possibility of a share buyback programme that would further dilute the Government’s stake, which could be “well below 50%” by the end of the current Parliament.

“It is possible that the company could contribute to the sell down by using some of its surplus capital to buy back shares, as part of a wider offer.

“To do so would require shareholder approval, but the logic is clear. A smaller, less risky bank does not need the size of capital base it had in the past.”

He noted that RBS was forced to loosen its grip on the SME lending market, which ultimately ended in a failed bit to spin off and sell a separate entity known as Williams and Glyn.

It has since settled on providing a £775 million fund meant to boost competition in the UK banking sector.

“It seems clear that, in aggregate, the cost of these remedies to the bank and its shareholders was very much greater than could reasonably have been forecast at the time.

“It is another important reason why the book value of the bank is not greater than it is today,” the chairman explained.

It was also admitted that the bank still has “reputation problems to overcome”, and that customer satisfaction at the bank is still suffering.

There is also the issue of its now-defunct Global Restructuring Group (GRG), which has been accused of pushing firms towards failure in the hope of picking up assets on the cheap, but was left off the hook in a recent ruling by the regulator.

“With the resolution of most of these outstanding regulatory issues the return of RBS to full private sector ownership is now an entirely realistic ambition for the government, and the Treasury has planned to receive receipts of £3 billion per annum during this parliament. The timing and quantity of sales are a matter for (the Government), not the RBS board.”

But for now he said the bank is “concentrating on creating the most efficient, reliable and sound bank we can. We are well on the way to achieving it”.

“With that sound foundation in place we can work on rebuilding the trust of our customers, and of the country as a whole, which has been greatly damaged by the last painful decade.

“Our aim is to repair that damage.”