Britain's rail fares will increase by an average of 3.1% on January 2, the rail industry has announced.

According to Office of Rail and Road data, it will be the largest rise since January 2013.

Many long-distance commuters will see the annual cost of getting to work increase by more than £100.

Examples of increases in annual season tickets include £148 for Brighton to London (from £4,696 to £4,844), £130 for Gloucester to Birmingham (from £4,108 to £4,238), and £100 for Manchester to Liverpool (from £3,152 to £3,252).

The annual cost from prime minister Theresa May's constituency of Maidenhead to London will increase by £96 (from £3,092 to £3,188).

Paul Plummer, chief executive of industry body the Rail Delivery Group (RDG), said: "Nobody wants to pay more to travel, especially those who experienced significant disruption earlier this year.

"Money from fares is underpinning the improvements to the railway that passengers want and which ultimately help boost the wider economy.

"That means more seats, extra services and better connections right across the country."

There have been calls for prices to be frozen following chaos caused by the implementation of new timetables in May.

Long-distance commuters could see fares rise by £100 annually. Credit: PA

Shadow transport secretary Andy McDonald claimed the increase shows "a Government and rail industry out of touch with passenger concerns".

Fewer than half (45%) of passengers are satisfied with the value for money of train tickets, according to a survey by watchdog Transport Focus.

The organisation’s chief executive, Anthony Smith, said: "Many passengers, still reeling from summer timetable chaos and frustrated by ‘autumn’ disruption, won’t believe fares are going up again.

"Until day-to-day reliability returns – with fewer significant delays and cancellations – passenger trust won’t begin to recover."

The increase in around 40% of fares, including season tickets, is regulated by the UK, Scottish and Welsh Governments.

This is predominantly capped at July's RPI inflation figure, which was 3.2%.

Other fare rises are decided by train companies.

There have been calls for prices to be frozen following chaos caused by the implementation of new timetables in May.

Less than half of rail travellers are satisfied with value for money. Credit: PA

Train punctuality slipped to a 12-year low in the summer and 14% of services failed to meet the industry’s punctuality target in the 12 months to November 10.

That means one in seven trains arrived at terminating stations more than five minutes late for commuter services or 10 minutes late for long-distance journeys.

Rail, Maritime and Transport union general secretary Mick Cash said: “Whatever way (Transport Secretary) Chris Grayling tries to dress this up, this latest fare hike is another kick in the teeth for passengers on Britain’s rip-off privatised railways.”

On Thursday the Office of Rail and Road launched formal action against Network Rail.

The rail regulator ordered the Government-owned company to improve its management of Britain’s rail infrastructure or face the possibility of fines and being sued by train companies for lost revenue.