1. ITV Report

'Know the law or expect serious consequences': What is the law around flying drones?

People are banned from flying drones within 1km of airport boundaries. Credit: PA

Flights have been suspended both to and from Gatwick Airport after reports of drones flying close to the airfield.

Here's what you need to know if you have, or are considering buying, a drone:

  • What are the restrictions around flying drones near airports?

Earlier this year, new laws came into force banning any and all drones from flying above 400ft and within 1km of airport boundaries.

Drone users who flout the boundary restrictions face an unlimited fine, up to five years in prison, or both.

Research funded by the Department for Transport (DfT) found that a drone weighing 400g could smash a helicopter windscreen, and one weighing 2kg could critically damage an airliner’s windscreen.

  • Are there any other laws to bear in mind?

Laws introduced to the House of Commons in May ruled that people flying drones which weigh 250g or more will have to register with the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA).

Drone pilots will be required to take an online safety test under the new legislation, with the requirements set to come into force in November next year.

The CAA launched its DroneCode containing guidelines for proper use, including that the person operating the drone should be able to see the drone at all times.

In July, the DfT said it was considering introducing an age restriction, banning children from owning drones weighing at least 250g.

Police could also be given the power to issue on-the-spot fines of up to £300 for misuse and the ability to seize drones being used irresponsibly.

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  • How many incidents have there been at airports in the past?

According to the British Airline Pilots Association (Balpa), there had already been 117 near misses between manned aircraft and drones from January up to November this year, compared to 93 for the whole of 2017.

This is not the first time an incident involving drones has been reported at London Gatwick.

In October, it was reported that a drone “put 130 lives at risk” after nearly hitting an aircraft approaching the airport over the summer.

The gadget passed directly over the right wing of the Airbus A319 as it was preparing to land at the West Sussex airport in July, according to the UK Airprox Board.

Elsewhere that month, a drone collided with a commercial aircraft as it was approaching to land in Canada.

There were six passengers and two crew on the aircraft and the drone connected with its wing, but fortunately it suffered only minor damage, allowing it to land safely at Jean Lesage International Airport in Quebec City.

  • What should people do?

Balpa has urged people be aware of the rules before they take their drone out and about.

Dr Rob Hunter, head of flight safety, said: “Even 2kg of metal and plastic, including the battery, hitting an aircraft windscreen or engine or a helicopter tail rotor, could be catastrophic.

“People who buy these devices need to make sure that they know the rules and stick to them, so they don’t put anyone’s life in danger.

“Pilots don’t want to ruin anyone’s fun but if you are going to use drones the message is clear: Know the laws or expect serious consequences.

“Before taking to the air have a really good think about where you are, keep your drone in sight, consider what aircraft might be flying about and keep clear – it is your responsibility.”