Many significant anniversaries will be marked in 2019, from the birth of Queen Victoria to the fall of the Berlin Wall, English Heritage has said.
This year will see the 100th anniversary of the election of Lady Nancy Astor, the first woman to sit in the House of Commons, and the signing of the Versailles Peace Treaty which concluded the First World War.
The heritage charity has drawn up its annual list of the top 10 historic anniversaries, which include the births of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert 200 years ago, and of adversaries Napoleon and the Duke of Wellington 250 years ago.
This year will also see the 50th anniversaries of the first moon landing and the last public performance by The Beatles, on the roof of Apple Records in London, and the 30th anniversary of the Berlin Wall coming down.
It is the 75th anniversary of D-Day, 400 years since the start of the slave trade in North America and 600 years since Joan of Navarre, widow of Henry IV, was imprisoned on charges of witchcraft and conspiracy to murder her stepson, Henry V.
Anna Eavis, English Heritage’s curatorial director, said: “From the fall of the Berlin Wall 30 years ago, back to 1419 when a witchcraft charge meant imprisonment in Pevensey Castle for a former queen, marking anniversaries is a great way of appreciating the richness and influence of history.
“This year, 2019, marks 200 years since the birth of one of our most well-known monarchs, Queen Victoria, and also her husband Prince Albert.
“This enduringly fascinating couple left their mark on culture and society and created a dynasty whose influence has been felt in European affairs for more than a century.
“We will be marking their devotion to each other through a new exhibition at their private family home, Osborne House on the Isle of Wight.”
English Heritage’s top 10 anniversaries for 2019 are:
– The fall of the Berlin Wall (30th anniversary) – November 9 1989
– The first moon landing (50th) – July 20 1969
– The Beatles’ last public performance on the roof of Apple Records in London (50th) – January 30 1969
– D-Day Landings (75th) – June 6 1944
– The Treaty of Versailles being signed (100th) – June 28 1919
– Lady Nancy Astor elected as an MP, becoming the first women to sit in the House of Commons (100th) – November 15 1919
– Births of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert (200th) – May 24 and August 26 1819
– Births of the Duke of Wellington and Napoleon Bonaparte (250th) – May 1 and August 15 1769
– Start of the slave trade in North America (400th) – around August 20 1619
– The imprisonment of Joan of Navarre – widow of Henry IV, who was accused of sorcery and witchcraft and conspiring to murder her stepson Henry V – at Pevensey Castle in East Sussex (600th) – December 15 1419