- Video report by ITV News Science Editor Tom Clarke
A huge blaze which ripped through Paris's 850-year-old Notre-Dame cathedral has sparked fears the ancient building may never be restored to its former glory.
France'sPresident, Emmanuel Macron, has pledged the building will be restored to its former glory with five years. Others suggest it may take significantly longer for the work to be completed to its original regal state.
Notre-Dame is not the only history structure hit by disaster.
Both home and abroad, buildings have been repaired following devastating fires. It's now hoped they may pave the way for the restoration of a site as iconic as the French capital itself.
Conservationists can expect to following in the footsteps of buildings destroyed by fire, but reborn from their ashes to be cherished once again.
- York Minster
A lightning bolt is believed to have sparked a fire in the building’s south transept on July 9 1984 which completely destroyed the roof over that section of the building.
More than 100 firefighters tackled the blaze, which caused £2.25 million in damage. The restoration work was completed in 1988.
It took fireman three hours to control the blaze. At one point it was thought the blaze may take the whole imposing building, with early morning mists causing several false alarms.
The cathedral's rose window, constructed by Flemish craftsmen around the time of the wedding of Henry VII, has recently been restored - meaning it didn't collapse in the fire but was patterned by thousands of cracks. All 73 panels had to be removed from the fire-blackened gable to save the mostly 16th century glass.
- Windsor Castle
Part of the building, one of the Queen’s official residences, was badly damaged by fire on November 20, 1992.
The fire started in the first floor Private Chapel, in the Upper Castle Ward, and Prince Andrew was among the team which attempted to salvage valuable works of art during the blaze.
A £36.5 million repair project involving 1,500 building workers saw the 14th-century building reopen in 1997.
The fire was the start of a new era for the Royal family - pushing it closer toward being more open to the public.
Struggling to find funds for the restoration, a decision was taken to open Buckingham Palace to paying members of the public - and so was born a new era.
The restoration saw parts of the dominating building redesigned, with the Queen said to be impressed with the finish. Windsor's restoration means it has been born into a new era, one where it takes a public role for weddings and as a favourite residence of the Royals.
- Dresden Cathedral
During the Second World War, Dresden Cathedral was badly damage by allied forces bombing.
Years of communist rule delayed the rebuild of the historic church, it was eventually restored to its former glory following the fall of the barriers which divided the nation and its people.
German reunification in 1991 was the catalyst for musician Ludwig Güttler to begin raising the $200 million needed to rebuild the church.
Almost half of the original stones in the rubble heap were used to re-build the church. The older blackened stone are easy to identify within the walls of the renovated building.
- Coventry Cathedral
The medieval Cathedral of St Michael burned when the Luftwaffe bombed the city on the night of November 14 1940, killing more than 1,000 civilians.
A scene of devastation was left across the midland's city, the majority of which was rebuilt in the post-war era.
The cathedral's ruins were preserved as a reminder of the folly and waste of war, while a new place of worship was built alongside.
- Glasgow School of Art
The west wing of Charles Rennie Mackintosh’s famed building was damaged by fire on May 23 2014.
A multimillion-pound restoration project was nearing completion when a second, more destructive, fire tore through the school on June 15, 2018.
- National Museum of Brazil
A fire which broke out at the building, in Rio de Janeiro, in September 2018 destroyed most of its 20 million-strong collection.
The fire quickly spread through the building and President Michel Temer said that “200 years of work, research and knowledge were lost”.
However around 2,000 artefacts were recovered from the ashes, including the 11,500-year-old skull of Luzia, the oldest human ever found in the Americas.
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