25 facts you may not know about Amazon
Amazon is celebrating its 25th anniversary on Friday and the groundbreaking company has certainly had its fair share of highs and lows.
Here's 25 facts you may not know about the world's leading e-commerce company, from the origin of its name to how one glitch cost them millions:
Amazon.com was launched in Jeff Bezos' garage
It was created on July 5, 1994 and launched from Jeff Bezos's garage.
The e-commerce company was funded under the name "Cadabra", a shortened Abracadabra.
Jeff's adopted father Miguel funded the first $300,000
Amazon was funded thanks to a $300,000 cheque from Jeff's adopted father Miguel 'Mike' Bezos, a Cuban immigrant who had met Jeff's mother when Jeff was four.
The money was part of their retirement savings.
The company is Relentless
Bezos' second choice of name was Relentless.
If you type in relentless.com today it will still forward you to Amazon's homepage.
Is Amazon named after the South American river?
Amazon was named for its suggestion of scale (the second longest river in the world, and largest volume of water) but also because it appears early in the alphabet list.
The name changed a year later to "Amazon" after realising the original name's phonic resemblance to the word cadaver
Amazon has been sued by a large American retailer
Amazon launched as "the Earth's biggest bookstore", a claim which saw it sued by US book giant Barnes and Nobles.
The two sides settled out of court and Amazon kept the claim.
The first logo had a water texture.
First book to sell on Amazon
The first book to sell - on April 3, 1995 - was Fluid Concepts & Creative Analogies, by Douglas Hofstadter.
The science book on computer modelling is still available on Amazon.
Amazon's expansion after first four years in the business
In 1998, Amazon's expanded to 'Books, Music & More'.
The logo changed to the web address and a curved gold line.
Jeff Bezos becomes known to the world in Time magazine
Jeff Bezos was named Time magazine's Person of the Year in 1999.
Amazon owns the 1-click trademark, patenting it in September 1999. It expired in the US on September 11, 2017.
In 2000 the logo was adapted again with the gold line turned into a smiling arrow picking out the a to z
"And you're done" gets added to the logo in 2002.
2004 marks a big year for the company
It was the first year Amazon recorded an annual net profit for the first time.
It was also the same year Bezos emailed staff, telling them PowerPoint presentations were banned from team meetings as a way of sharing ideas.
Instead he said ideas must be outlined in four to six page "narrative" documents, which team members would be able read before asking questions.
Amazon follows in the footsteps of Sony
Amazon Kindle sold out within five and a half hours when it was released on November 19, 2007 in the US for $399.
It followed the release of the Sony Librie and Sony Reader first electronic book reader.
The Kindle's original name was going to be Fiona. 'Project Fiona' was the code name for the e-reader.
Amazon's glitch cost them millions
The Amazon site went down for 40 minutes in August 2013.
The glitch cost the e-commerce company $4.8 million.
Amazon branches out from online
In 2015 Amazon opened its first actual physical bookstore in Seattle at a shopping centre near the University of Washington.
The workplace culture has been questioned
Amazon's workplace culture has been brought into question.
The New York Times has described it as "bruising", reporting the giant firm was "conducting an experiment in how far it can push white-collar workers" in 2015.
Amazon keeps tabs on its workers
Amazon patented a tracking device to keep a tab on workers.
Animals live at Amazon HQ
An estimated 40,000 of Amazon's 300,000 worldwide workforce live in Seattle, where the company's headquarters are based.
The Seattle HQ also houses 6,000 dogs and a dog park.
Amazons sell some odd things
Live ladybugs are among the oddest things you can buy on Amazon.
But you can't buy houses, cars, cigarettes or animals.
UK money goes to Luxembourg
Most of the UK money spent on Amazon has gone to low-tax Luxembourg - though a 2015 restructuring sees some taxes on profits returned to the UK.
Amazon owns Whole Foods
Amazon bought Whole Foods in June 2017 for $13.7 billion.
It joined audio-book seller Audible, book review website GoodReads and live-streaming platform Twitch within the Amazon stable of firms.
Amazon owns more than 40 subsidiaries and brands.
Bezos could be the world's first trillionaire
Forbes named Jeff Bezos as the richest person on earth in July 2017.
He has now overtaken Bill Gates and is projected to be the world's first trillionnaire.
Amazon paid £61.7m in corporation tax in two decades in the UK.
This was noted to being less than M&S pays in a year.
Amazon has surpassed £7 billion in UK turnover in 20 years.
Are the workers robots?
Workers have been given 'Robotic Tech Vests' to prevent robots from bumping into them, according to reports.
Amazon Prime used by more than 100 million in the US
There are 101 million Amazon Prime devices being used in the US.