Japanese rescuers are searching for a livestock ship carrying 42 crew members that a survivor said sank during rough weather a day earlier off a southern Japanese island.
Some 5,800 cattle were also on board the ship when it sank.
The Filipino crew member is the only person to have been rescued and was found late on Wednesday after Japanese navy P-3C surveillance aircraft spotted him wearing a life vest and waving while bobbing in the water.
No other crew members or any cattle have been found.
The man, who is in hospital but in good health, told rescuers that the ship stalled when an engine stopped, then capsized after being hit by a powerful broadside wave and sank, coast guard regional spokesperson Yuichiro Higashi said.
The survivor, a chief officer, said he quickly put on a life jacket and jumped into the sea, following an instruction in an emergency onboard announcement.
He has not seen any other crew members since then, Mr Higashi said.
The 11,947-ton Gulf Livestock 1 ship was carrying 5,800 cows west of Amami Oshima in the East China Sea when it sent a distress call early on Wednesday.
The cause of the distress was not immediately known, but the weather was rough in the area due to Typhoon Maysak.
The typhoon has since passed the area and the weather during the search is fine, Mr Higashi said.
The ship’s other crew members include 38 from the Philippines, two from New Zealand and two from Australia.
The ship left the port of Napier in northeastern New Zealand in mid-August and was on its way to Tangshan on China’s eastern coast.
Its automatic identification system tracker gave its last position nearly two days ago, according to the ship-tracking website MarineTraffic.com.
Based on that position, it was sailing in high winds of 58 knots (66 miles or 107 kilometres per hour), MarineTraffic.com said.
The ship’s operator, Gulf Navigation Holdings PJSC, based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, declined to comment.
The company, traded on the Dubai Financial Market, says it owns and operates chemical tankers, livestock vessels and other ships.