Mr Navalny fell ill on a flight from Siberia to Moscow on August 20 and was flown to Germany.
He was kept in an induced coma in a Berlin hospital for more than two weeks as he was treated with an antidote.
The German government has said specialist laboratories in France and Sweden have confirmed Mr Navalny was poisoned with the Soviet-era nerve agent Novichok.
On Tuesday, the 44-year-old posted a picture of himself from his hospital bed, hugged by his wife and children.
A video posted on Mr Navalny’s Instagram on Thursday showed his team working around his hotel room in Tomsk before he left the city and collapsed on a flight back to Moscow.
A caption said the group had returned to the room an hour after learning he had become ill and packed the bottles and other items for further inspection.
“Two weeks later, a German laboratory found a trace of Novichok on a bottle from the Tomsk hotel room,” they said.
“And then another three labs that took Alexei’s samples proved that he was poisoned with it.
“Now we understand – it was done before he left his room to go to the airport.”
A German military lab has determined Mr Navalny was poisoned with Novichok, the same class of Soviet-era agent the UK said was used on former Russian spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter in Salisbury in 2018.
The Hague-based Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons is also taking steps to have samples from Mr Navalny tested at its designated labs, Germany has said.
The Kremlin has bristled at calls from German Chancellor Angela Merkel and other leaders to answer questions about the poisoning, denying any official involvement.