North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has thanked the public for their trust and support “in the difficult times” and wished them happiness and good health in his first New Year cards to his people.
Kim usually gives a televised speech on January 1, but is widely expected to skip it this year since he will address the country’s first ruling party congress for five years later this month.
“I will work hard to bring earlier the new era in which the ideals and desires of our people will come true,” Kim said in his letter, according to the Korean Central News Agency.
“I offer thanks to the people for having invariably trusted and supported our party even in the difficult times,” he said.
“I sincerely wish all the families across the country greater happiness and beloved people, good health.”
North Korea is one of the world’s most cloistered countries, and it is virtually impossible to independently confirm whether all its 25 million people received Kim’s letter.
KCNA said the letter was handwritten by Kim.
The last time a North Korean leader sent such a letter to ordinary citizens was on January 1, 1995, from Kim’s father, Kim Jong Il, according to Seoul’s Unification Ministry.
Kim, who succeeded his father upon his death in late 2011, is facing the toughest challenges of his nine-year rule due to the coronavirus pandemic, several natural disasters last summer and persistent US-led sanctions amid a diplomatic impasse over his nuclear programme.
Kim is likely to use the Workers’ Party congress as a venue to muster a stronger unity and lay out new development goals for the next few years.
A bruised economy
North Korea’s pandemic-related border closure with China, its biggest trading partner, is hurting the economy.
Bilateral trade volume in the first 11 months of 2020 plunged by about 79% from the same period in 2019, analyst Song Jaeguk at Seoul’s IBK Economic Research Institute said.
The congress, the first since 2016, is officially the party’s top decision-making body, though real day-to-day decisions are made by Kim and his close associates.
The rubber stamp body of delegates is expected to endorse Kim’s new initiatives without major debates.
State media did not say exactly when the meeting will take place. In 2016, the congress lasted for four days.
New Year celebrations and Covid doubts
Ushering in the new year, a large crowd packed Pyongyang’s main square to watch fireworks, a concert and a flag-hoisting ceremony.
State TV showed people wearing masks and heavy coats, waving and standing close together.
North Korea has steadfastly claimed to be coronavirus-free – an assertion doubted by outsiders.
But experts also say any outbreak was probably not widespread and so North Korea considered it safe to hold big events like the party congress in Pyongyang.
The '80-day battle'
Also on Friday, North Korea said it has successfully completed “an 80-day battle”, a productivity campaign it often launches to press citizens to work extra hours and report bigger production numbers ahead of major political events.
During the congress, experts say North Korea is likely to underscore building a stronger self-reliant economy to tackle the difficulties in an attempt to squeeze people to work harder.
KCNA said “the all-people advance by dint of self-reliance” achieved “a proud victory of the historic 80-day battle”.
It said North Koreans have either fulfilled or exceeded newly set quotas at factories, mines, farms, flooding recovery works, anti-coronavirus steps and various other areas.