More fines for Covid-19 lockdown breaches could be on their way as home secretary defends ‘strong’ enforcement of rules

People out for a walk on Clapham Common
Police presence before a proposed anti-lockdown protest in Clapham Common, London Credit: PA Wire/PA Images

More fines are expected for Covid-19 lockdown breaches, and police "will not hesitate" to take action when people are not following the rules, the home secretary has warned.

Priti Patel said the increasing number of new coronavirus cases proved there was a need for “strong enforcement” in cases where people were clearly breaking the rules.

The number of patients with Covid-19 in hospital is at a record high in England, while the official coronavirus death toll for the UK passed 80,000 on Saturday and lab-confirmed cases hit more than three million.Police tactics have come in for scrutiny after Derbyshire Police handed out £200 fines to two women who drove separately to go for a walk at a remote beauty spot situated around five miles from their homes.

A Home Office source told The Telegraph there would be a more “rapid movement to enforcement” around the issuing of £200 fines for those not following the rules, suggesting the number of fines being handed out could increase.

The National Police Chiefs’ Council (NPCC) said the guidance to “move more quickly to issuing a fine” when Covid rules were being totally disregarded had been in place since October.

Amid fresh reports that police would no longer need to give repeated warnings before issuing fines, the NPCC said there was “no specific rule on the number of warnings officers should give” before dishing out a fixed penalty notice.

John Apter, chair of the Police Federation of England and Wales, told BBC Breakfast on Sunday the guidance “needs to be absolutely crystal-clear, not only for the public but also for my colleagues” and a review would be necessary after the Derbyshire incident.

Police can hand out £200 fines to people not following lockdown rules. Credit: PA

The home secretary praised police officers for "working tirelessly to keep us safe.

"Not only are they continuing to take criminals off our streets, but they are also playing a crucial role in controlling the spread of the virus.

“The vast majority of the public have supported this huge national effort and followed the rules.

“But the tragic number of new cases and deaths this week shows there is still a need for strong enforcement where people are clearly breaking these rules to ensure we safeguard our country’s recovery from this deadly virus.

“Enforcing these rules saves lives.

"It is as simple as that.

"Officers will continue to engage with the public across the country and will not hesitate to take action when necessary.”

Home Secretary Priti Patel said police 'are working tirelessly' to keep the country safe. Credit: PA

Health Secretary Matt Hancock said that data shows "more people are following the lockdown than the November lockdown" and that the "amount of people who are staying at home has increased, but we've all got to absolutely follow that guidance".

He continued that while "the majority are following the rules", the police are "enforcing stringently against the minority who don't follow the rules".

Speaking on Sky News' Sophy Ridge on Sunday, Mr Hancock also warned that "every flexibility" of the rules could prove fatal.

The NPCC guidance, published on January 6 to reflect the latest national lockdown, states officers should still offer people “encouragement” to comply with the regulations and explain any changes.

“However if the individual or group does not respond appropriately, then enforcement can follow without repeated attempts to encourage people to comply with the law,” the NPCC said.

“We police by consent. The initial police response should be to encourage voluntary compliance.”

The NPCC said the four-step principles of “engage, explain, encourage and only enforce as a last resort” will continue to apply.

A spokesperson for the NPCC said: “We’ve been guiding officers since October to move more quickly to issuing a fine where people are clearly breaching Covid regulations and not listening to encouragement.

“This approach continues in this dangerous stage of the pandemic.

"There is no specific rule on the number of warnings officers should give – officers continue to use their judgment.”

Derbyshire Police has confirmed it would be reviewing all fixed penalty notices issued during the new national lockdown in England after it received clarification about the coronavirus regulations from the NPCC following the incident with the two women.

Jessica Allen, who received the fine with friend Eliza Moore, later told BBC News: “We are happy to hear that Derbyshire Police have been told to not be so heavy-handed with fines and return to the four Es (Engage, Explain, Encourage, Enforce) they were originally doing.

“We are yet to hear anything regarding our fine but if we have managed to save somebody the worry of going for a walk and fearing they would be fined then we have done what we set out to do.”

Ex-Durham Police chief constable Mike Barton told BBC Breakfast there had been “damage done” to public trust by Derbyshire Constabulary’s actions and that “for the public to comply with the law, they have got to think and see the police are acting fairly”.

Police forces across the country have revealed they have been more active in dealing with breaches.

North Wales Police said its rural crime officers had dealt with people breaching coronavirus rules at Moel Famau in Flintshire, including those who had come from England and other parts of Wales.

Norfolk Police said it had fined a man and a woman who drove more than 120 miles from their home in Wellingborough in Northamptonshire to Horsey in Norfolk to look at a seal colony.

Wiltshire Police chief constable Kier Pritchard also warned that those breaching Covid-19 rules would face enforcement action “much quicker”.