Refugees living in Calais believe Brexit has made it easier to secure asylum in the UK, according to a poll.
About 1,000 people are staying in makeshift camps along the French coast, with many intending to try to cross to Britain.
A survey of migrants in Calais revealed that more than half (55%) think they have a better chance of getting asylum in the UK since December 31 with only 18% thinking they had a worse chance.
The poll also revealed widespread fears, with a majority saying they felt less safe in 2021.
Immigration minister Chris Philp said “the claim that getting asylum is any easier now is categorically untrue”.
Since the start of 2021 six people have been sentenced for facilitating illegal journeys to the UK, the Home Office said.
Last year thousands of people tried to reach Britain from France, often making dangerous trips in unseaworthy dinghies or squeezing into lorries – with sometimes deadly consequences.
With Brexit, the Government vowed to end freedom of movement and “take back control” of the UK’s borders.
However, a majority of migrants in Calais quizzed earlier this month believe they now have a better chance of getting asylum in the UK than before it left the single market on December 31.
Those in Dunkirk were less confident, with 37% saying they felt they had a better chance and 25% a worse chance.
Across both locations nearly 80% of respondents said Brexit has made physically reaching the UK harder.
Humanitarian charity Care4Calais conducted the poll of 139 migrants living in Calais and Dunkirk together with Dutch campaign group Stop Wapenhandel (Stop Arms Trade).
Upon leaving the EU, the UK also left behind the Dublin regulations, which allows member states to return asylum seekers to the EU country they first entered.
What is more, Care4Calais suggested that longer lines of lorries in Calais waiting to go to the UK will provide many opportunities for people to try to climb aboard, risking their lives as they do so.
In 2020 more than 8,400 people crossed the English Channel aboard small boats, according to data compiled by the PA news agency.
Clare Moseley, founder of Care4Calais, called for the UK to allow asylum claims to be heard at the border with France so people are not motivated to risk dangerous crossings.
She added: “Seeing how people in Calais are treated by our authorities is deeply shocking. They are hounded night and day, exposed to the bitter winter elements, denied food and shelter and subject to regular police brutality.
“In the Channel our governments treat them like a military enemy when they are simply asking for our help. It’s horrific. They are ordinary people who are fleeing conflict and oppression. We can do better than this.”
Responding to the survey, Mr Philp said: “Care4Calais is recklessly repeating false information, which risks encouraging desperate migrants to make a dangerous journey instead of claiming asylum in the first safe country they reach, such as France.
“Now we have left the EU we have changed the law meaning those who have travelled through safe countries will have their asylum cases treated as inadmissible.
“We are also fixing our asylum system to make it firm and fair and will be bringing forward legislation to stop abuse of the system while ensuring it is compassionate towards those who need our help.”
Other findings from the survey include:
– Over a third of respondents said they want to come to the UK because they have family there (38%), or because they speak English (35%). A further 28% want to come because they like the UK culture
– 85% of respondents said they had only arrived at Calais/Dunkirk in the last six months
Kamran (not his real name), a refugee living in Calais, said: “I had to leave Iran because of the government. I was an engineer and it’s my dream to work again in the UK.
“I hope that I will get to the UK soon by lorry. I know crossing by lorry is dangerous, but I have no other options. It is so bad here in the jungle, the weather is cold and we are always chased by the police.
“Some people think Brexit will make it easier to stay in the UK, my wish is simply to be in the UK now so I can start a new life.”