What is Dominic Cummings alleging? Political Correspondent Carl Dinnen explains
In a series of explosive tweets, the Prime Minister’s former top adviser said the policy – to build up resistance in the population by allowing some spread of the disease – was only dropped in March last year after a warning it would lead to a “catastrophe”.
Mr Cummings, who is due to give evidence this week to MPs investigating the Government’s response to the pandemic, said there may have been no need for any lockdowns if the country had had the “right preparations and competent people in charge”.
Asked on BBC One’s The Andrew Marr Show about the claim that herd immunity had been the original policy, Ms Patel replied: “Absolutely not.”
She added: “Our strategy was always about protecting public health, saving lives and protecting the NHS.
“Absolutely all colleagues involved in those meetings and discussions, working with the chief scientist and the chief medical officers, absolutely recognised that from the very difficult discussions that we had.
“At the time of a crisis, when government is making very, very tough decisions, difficult decisions, we put public life and protecting the public at the forefront of all those decisions.”
She was backed by Dr Jenny Harries, who was deputy chief medical officer for England at the time.
She told the programme: “I can categorically say I have never been in any Government meeting where herd immunity was put forward at that point of the pandemic as a mechanism of control.”
In his tweets, Mr Cummings dismissed Government denials at the time as “bulls**t” and said that No 10 had chosen to lie – a move he described as “very foolish” and demonstrating “appalling ethics”.
He also hinted he may have documentary evidence to back his assertions which he could potentially produce when he appears on Wednesday before the Commons health and science committees.
“‘Herd immunity by September’ was ‘literally the official plan in all documents/graphs/meetings’ until it was ditched,” he tweeted.
“In week of March 9, No10 was made aware by various people that the official plan would lead to catastrophe. It was then replaced by Plan B.
“But how ‘herd immunity by September’ could have been the plan until that week is a fundamental issue in the whole disaster.”
In a BBC interview at the time, the Government’s chief scientific adviser Sir Patrick Vallance had said that if they tried to suppress the disease “very, very hard” it would simply bounce back when restrictions were released.
Instead, he suggested the aim was to “build up some kind of herd immunity” so more people were resistant to the disease and transmission was reduced.
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Dr Harries, who is now chief executive of the UK Health Security Agency, acknowledged she would not have been in most of the high-level meetings that took place at that time.
She said however that the concept of herd immunity had been “misinterpreted” in some quarters and that the Government’s strategy was to build resistance to the disease through the vaccination programme.
“I think being really clear what we mean by herd immunity, what you’re looking at in a population is to try and see at which point your population would be safe, and this is what we do with this very successful vaccination programme that we have,” Dr Harries said.
“That’s not the same as saying, which I think has been misinterpreted in many places, that the aim would be to allow people to become infected and develop herd immunity. That has never been on the agenda.”
Downing Street is now braced for a potentially highly damaging onslaught from Mr Cummings on Wednesday following his acrimonious departure from No 10 at the end of last year.
In a foretaste of what to expect, Mr Cummings tweeted that there had been “so much lock down confusion” when the pandemic broke.
“Obviously they’re ‘destructive’. But if you have to do it because alternative is ‘hundreds of thousands choking to death and no NHS for months for everybody else and economy sunk because everybody hiding in terror’ then earlier/harder is better for health AND economy,” he said.
“If we’d had the right preparations and competent people in charge, we would probably have avoided lockdown 1, ‘definitely’ no need for lockdowns 2 and 3.
“Given the plan was AWOL/disaster and awful decisions delayed everything, lockdown 1 became necessary.”