The undersea magnitude six quake occurred at around 8.30am on Tuesday, but there have been no reports of damage or casualties since.The Turkish Disaster and Emergency Management Directorate said the earthquake hit 189 kilometres off the resort town of Kas, in Antalya province.
Turkey sits on top of major faultlines and earthquakes are frequent there.
The European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre, a non-profit earthquake tracker, said it had received reports of the earthquake's impact as far away as Egypt, Syria and Israel.
The epicentre was also 219km south of Rhodes, a Greek holiday island.
It comes one week after a 6.3 magnitude earthquake hit the Greek island of Crete.
And on September 27, one person died and 20 were injured when the same island was shaken by a quake.