National Trust to end trail hunting on its land

Trail hunting - which uses hands - will no longer be allowed on National Trust land. Credit: PA

The National Trust will no longer issue licences for trail hunting on its land, the charity’s board of trustees has announced.The announcement comes after a senior huntsman was convicted of telling people to use the sport as a “smokescreen” for illegal fox hunting, and a vote by National Trust members to halt it on the charity’s land.

The activity, in which a scent is laid for hounds and the hunt to follow, has been suspended on trust land since November 2020 following a police investigation into webinars by huntspeople discussing the practice.

Mark Hankinson, director of the Masters of Foxhounds Association (MFHA), was in October found guilty at Westminster Magistrates’ Court of intentionally encouraging huntsmen to use legal trail hunting as “a sham and a fiction” for the unlawful chasing and killing of animals during the webinars.

The huntsman’s illicit advice was exposed after saboteurs leaked footage to police and the media of the online discussions.

Mark Hankinson was convicted of telling huntspeople to use trail hunting as a cover for unlawfully chasing live animals Credit: Laura Parnaby/PA

Following the conviction, National Trust members voted by 76,816 to 38,184 in favour of banning trail hunting on its land. The vote was held at the charity’s annual general meeting (AGM).

Those who proposed the motion on the ban stated “overwhelming evidence" led them to conclude that trail hunting is "a cover" for hunting with dogs.

In response to Thursday's announcement, Tim Bonner, chief executive of the Countryside Alliance said the National Trust’s decision goes against the organisation's motto.

"The charity claims to be 'for everyone, for ever', but by prohibiting a legal activity it has decided it is actually just for those who its board approves of.

"The inability of trustees to differentiate between the legal use of hounds and the governance of hunting is extremely regrettable and breaks the basic principle of access to National Trust land for legitimate activities."

The Hunting Office described the move as "hugely disappointing".

Their statement added: "The decision to prevent a lawful and legitimate activity comes as a result of an engineered campaign by opponents of trail hunting to bully landowners into stopping a lawful activity carried out by the rural community. 

"Hunts have had access to National Trust land for generations and the decision goes completely against the core mantra of the National Trust 'for everyone, for ever'.

"We hope that we can maintain an open dialogue with the Trust and have further consultation following the review which we are currently conducting.”

Hunting wild mammals with dogs was banned in England and Wales by the Hunting Act of 2004.

Trail hunting replicates a traditional hunt without a fox actually being chased, injured or killed. Although there is always a danger that hounds will accidentally come across the scent of a fox, they should then be stopped to avoid this becoming a criminal offence.

A previous bid to ban trail hunting was narrowly voted down at a National Trust meeting in 2017. The charity then introduced a dedicated management team to oversee the licensing process, and monitored activity to make sure that people abide by the licence conditions.

The trust said it had seen both compliant and legitimate activity since then, but also multiple reported breaches.

Harry Bowell, National Trust director of land and nature, said the board of trustees had "carefully considered" the issue, and that its decision to stop issuing licenses was based on a "wide range" of considerations.

Mr Bowell said these considerations include, but not limited to:

  • A loss of trust and confidence in the Masters of Foxhounds Association (MFHA), which governs trail hunting

  • The vote by National Trust members at its recent AGM,

  • The considerable resources needed to facilitate trail hunting,

  • The reputational risk of this activity continuing on National Trust land

Nearly six million people are members of the National Trust. The organisation looks after hundreds of thousands of acres of countryside across England, Wales and Northern Ireland.

The move to ban trail hunting applies to land in England and Wales. No hunting is allowed on Northern Irish trust land.

When the National Trust suspended licences a year ago, there was just one trail hunting licence. The previous year, 2019/20, there had been 14 licences, and eight the year before that.

Fox hunting was banned by the Hunting Act 2004 in England and Wales, and the Protection of Wild Mammals (Scotland) Act 2002 in Scotland. Credit: PA

Last week, Welsh Government nature agency Natural Resources Wales (NRW), which looks after swathes of countryside and forests, banned trail hunting on its land.

The League Against Cruel Sports welcomed the move from the National Trust, but said it did not go as far as the full and explicit ban that members voted for.

Chris Luffingham, director of campaigns at the League, said the voices of National Trust members "could not have been louder" and sent a clear message to the board of trustees that "enough is enough", and trail hunting should be banned on trust land.

Mr Luffingham said the public is "more aware than ever" that trail hunting is used as "a smokescreen" for illegal hunting.

He added the hunting community "cannot be trusted from the top down" and the lack of a definitive ban could lead to foxes being chased and killed by hunts.

The League said it would continue to lobby other major landowners such as Forestry England, the Church of England, United Utilities, Crown Estates, national parks authorities, local councils and the Ministry of Defence to follow the lead of the National Trust and NRW.