The rest of the world is opening up as China is shutting down, ITV News Asia Correspondent Debi Edwards reports
Some 26 million people have been confined to their homes in Shanghai as a lockdown was extended across the entire city, as officials described the Covid-19 outbreak there as “extremely grim”.
The director of Shanghai's working group on epidemic control, Gu Honghui, was quoted by state media as saying that the outbreak in the city was “still running at a high level."
China has sent more than 10,000 health workers from around the country to aid the city, including 2,000 from the military, and is mass testing residents, some of whom have been locked down for weeks.
Most of eastern Shanghai, which was supposed to reopen last Friday, remained locked down along with the western half of the city.
Officials have said they will reevaluate the measures after the results of tests on all city residents are analysed.
“Before that, citizens are asked to continue following the current lockdown measures and stay in their homes except for medical and other emergency situations,” Mr Gu said.
Shanghai has reported more than 73,000 positive coronavirus infections since the resurgence of the highly contagious Omicron variant in March.
Shanghai recorded another 13,354 cases on Monday — the vast majority of them asymptomatic — bringing the city's total to more than 73,000 since the latest wave of infections began last month.
No deaths have been attributed to the outbreak driven by the omicron BA.2 variant, which is much more infectious but also less lethal than the previous Delta strain.
In other areas of China, a separate outbreak continues to rage in the northeastern province of Jilin, and the capital Beijing also saw an additional nine cases, just one of them asymptomatic.
Workers shut down an entire shopping centre in the city where a case had been detected.
While China's vaccination rate hovers around 90%, its domestically produced inactivated virus vaccines are seen as weaker than the mRNA vaccines such as those produced by Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna that are used abroad, as well as in the Chinese territories of Hong Kong and Macao.
Vaccination rates among the elderly are also much lower than the population at large, with only around half of those over-80 fully vaccinated.
Meanwhile, complaints have arisen in Shanghai over difficulties obtaining food and daily necessities, and shortages of medical workers, volunteers and beds in isolation wards where tens of thousands are being kept for observation.
Shanghai has converted an exhibition hall and other facilities into massive isolation centres where people with mild or no symptoms are being housed in a sea of beds separated by temporary partitions.
Mr Gu said about 47,700 beds are available for Covid patients, with another 30,000 beds to be ready soon. It wasn't clear how many beds were available for patients placed under observation, who number more than 100,000 according to city health authorities.
Public outrage has been fuelled by reports and video clips posted on the internet documenting the death of a nurse who was denied admittance to her own hospital under Covid restrictions, and infant children separated from their parents.
Circulation of footage showing multiple infants kept in cots prompted the city’s Public Health Clinical Centre to issue a statement saying the children were being well looked after and had been in the process of being moved to a new facility when the footage was taken.
At a virtual town hall Monday, the US Consulate in Shanghai warned of possible family separations amid the lockdown, but said it had an “extremely limited ability” to intervene in such cases.
Concern is growing about the potential economic impact on China’s financial capital, also a major shipping and manufacturing centre.
Most public transport has been suspended and non-essential businesses closed, although airports and train stations remain open and the city’s port and some major industries such as car plants continue to operate.
International events in the city have been canceled and three out of five foreign companies with operations in Shanghai say they have cut this year’s sales forecasts, according to a survey conducted last week by the American Chamber of Commerce. One-third of the 120 companies that responded to the survey said they have delayed investments.
Despite those concerns and growing public frustration, China says it is sticking to its hardline “zero-tolerance" approach mandating lockdowns, mass testing and the compulsory isolation of all suspected cases and close contacts.