One in five key worker households has children living in poverty, new research has found.
The Trade Union Congress (TUC) study suggests the number of children growing up in poverty in key worker households has increased by 65,000 over the past two years, to nearly one million.
The analysis, undertaken for the TUC by Landman Economics, indicated that in some regions of the UK more than two-fifths of children in key worker households are living in poverty.
Key worker families in the North East have the highest rate of child poverty (41%) followed by the North West and London (both 29%), and the East of England (24%).
Scotland (8.3%) and Wales (8.9%) have the lowest rates, said the TUC.
It comes as the Bank of England warned the UK is set to plunge into the longest recession since the financial crisis.
Real household incomes will drop for two years in a row due to the alarming economic conditions - the first time this has happened since records began in the 1960s.
The TUC warned another year of below-inflation pay rises for public sector workers will have a “devastating” impact on frontline staff after a “brutal decade” of pay freezes and cuts.
It said its research indicates real pay for nurses will be down by £1,100 this year and by more than £1,500 for paramedics.
TUC general secretary Frances O’Grady said: “Our amazing key workers got us through the pandemic.
"The very least they deserve is to be able to provide for their families, but the government is locking too many key worker households into poverty.
“Ministers’ heartless decision to hold down pay will cause widespread hardship and put the UK at greater risk of recession. After the longest wage squeeze in 200 years, we urgently need to get more money in the pockets of working families.
“This will help people get through this cost-of-living crisis and inject much-needed demand into our economy.
“It is particularly galling that, as key workers are being told to tighten their belts, City executives are enjoying bumper bonuses.
“Once again ordinary working people are being forced to carry the can for a crisis made in Downing Street.”
'Growing grip of in-work poverty'
Sara Ogilvie, policy director at the Child Poverty Action Group, said: “These disastrous figures show the growing grip of in-work poverty on households across Britain.
“It’s an outrage that key workers, whose essential labour keeps our hospitals, schools and supermarkets running, are increasingly being pulled into hardship.
“Children are growing up in poverty as a direct result of cruel policy decisions, including harsh benefit rules like the two-child limit.
“With the cost-of-living crisis in full swing, the government can no longer turn its back on low-income families and must address the long-term drivers of poverty in the UK.”
Royal College of Nursing general secretary Pat Cullen said nurses were having to choose "between putting food on the table and filling their cars," due to a decade of real-terms pay cuts.
“Ministers have turned a deaf ear to their plight, and the workforce crisis is putting patients at risk, leaving them with no choice but to consider industrial strike action.”
Dr Paul Gosling, president of school leaders’ union NAHT, said: “At no point in my 30-year career of working in schools have I seen the number of families being pushed into poverty as they currently are.
“This national cost of living crisis is crippling so many hard-working people and the government needs to take some serious and immediate action to support people.
“School leaders know that the effects of poverty can hugely disadvantage children’s life chances, and they are angry and frustrated that more is not being done to support our communities.”
Paul Whiteman, NAHT’s general secretary, added: “Children who are hungry are not ready to learn.
“Teachers and school leaders are increasingly having to tackle the impact of poverty before they can even start teaching.
“These children are already the victims of a decade of austerity; the government urgently needs to act to avoid these children becoming an entirely lost generation.”
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A government spokesperson said: “Latest figures show there were 200,000 fewer children in absolute poverty after housing costs compared to 2019/20.
"But we recognise people are struggling with rising prices which is why we are protecting millions of the most vulnerable families with at least £1,200 of direct payments, starting with the £326 cost of living payment, which has already been issued to more than seven million low income households.
“We’re also making work pay.
“We’re saving the typical employee over £330 a year through a tax cut, have boosted the National Living Wage to £9.50, the largest ever increase since its introduction in 2016 and we’re allowing people on Universal Credit to keep on average, £1,000 more of what they earn, while all households will receive £400 energy payments.
“Last month we announced the largest public sector pay increases in nearly twenty years, reflecting the vital contributions public sector workers make to our country.
“Awards for many workforces are targeted, with the lowest paid NHS workers, police officers and new teachers receiving around 9% pay boosts.”