ITV News Health Editor Emily Morgan explores the details behind the government's plan to tackle long emergency care delays in the NHS
Rishi Sunak has revealed a plan for emergency care that will deliver “the largest and fastest-ever improvement in emergency waiting times in the NHS’s history”.
Promises of thousands more hospital beds and 800 new ambulances are at the centre of a new plan that the government hopes will boost urgent and emergency care, after a difficult winter dominated by grim warnings about the severe pressure facing the NHS.
Mr Sunak set out the “ambitious and credible” measures on Monday, but he was met with warnings the outstanding issues of staff shortages and NHS funding must be grappled with urgently.
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Announcing the two-year plan for England, Mr Sunak and the NHS said:
800 new ambulances, including 100 specialist mental health vehicles, would be backed by a dedicated £1 billion fund.
The fund will also cover 5,000 more sustainable hospital beds.
Same-day emergency care units, staffed by consultants and nurses, will open in every hospital with a major A&E.
By March 2024, 76% of A&E patients will be dealt with in four hours. Currently fewer than 70% are and the official target is 95%.
Over the course of 2023/24, the target is to reach a 30-minute average response time for category 2 emergency calls such as heart attacks and strokes. In December, patients waited over 90 minutes. The official target is 18 minutes.
A major element of the strategy is to expand urgent care in the community, keeping people away from under-strain hospitals and seeing them treated at home.
Ministers hope the measures will see thousands of people each week avoiding an overnight stay in hospital.
Speaking during a visit to County Durham, the prime minister said: “I think we will see – in fact I know we will see – the largest and fastest-ever improvement in emergency waiting times in the NHS’s history.
“That is the ambition of our plan that we’ve set out today. I feel really confident we can deliver it.”
Sunak unveils his plan to cut waiting times
Siva Anandaciva, chief analyst at health charity The King’s Fund, called the proposals “broadly sensible”, describing it as “the first real significant push to say we need more hospital beds in this country”.
But he also said it would be the next long-term workforce plan for the NHS that would likely be the real defining document for the health service.
“Whatever service you’re looking at, the one thing that’s going to affect quality of care and access is the number of staff you have so unless you’ve got a clear proposal for that as part of this plan, it’s hard to see how it will have an impact very quickly,” he said.
Mr Anandaciva also questioned the timeframe for the two-year blueprint.
“It’s plan that’s tied to a political cycle,” he said.
“This isn’t a plan that says ‘here’s how things are going get better tomorrow’. It’s much more medium-term than that. So it’s not meeting the service right now.
“Neither is it some sort of big expansive vision for where the service is going in the future. So it’s not a vision document for the next five to 10 years of how this investment is going to change the experience of patients.”
The document also included plans for pilots of new approaches to NHS step-down care, with patients receiving rehabilitation and physiotherapy at home in some instances.
Mr Sunak, who has made cutting waiting times in the NHS one of his five priorities as prime minister, said: “Urgent and emergency care is facing serious challenges but we have an ambitious and credible plan to fix it.
“It will take time to get there but our plan will cut long waiting times by increasing the number of ambulances, staff and beds – stopping the bottlenecks outside A&E and making sure patients are seen and discharged quickly.”
The plan comes as Mr Sunak’s government is locked in a bitter and ongoing dispute with nurses and ambulance workers over pay and conditions, with further walkouts planned for February.
Patricia Marquis, the Royal College of Nursing’s director for England, said: “More hospital beds and more community and social care services are desperately needed to ensure patients get the right care in the right place at the right time.
“But the real problem is the lack of staff. Extra beds are only safe when there are enough nurses for the patients in them. And because of the workforce crisis, existing services are unsafe.”
Over the weekend, the Department of Health said that 3,000 “hospital at home” beds will be created before next winter, with hopes that about 50,000 people a month could eventually be cared for at home each month.
It comes as health officials increasingly look to virtual wards as part of the solution to combat NHS pressures. These see patients treated from home while monitored by medics either through daily visits or video calls.
On Monday, Mr Sunak called the concept of virtual wards “transformational”.
He added: “We’ve got currently about 7,000 virtual ward beds and that’s going to grow to at least 10,000 over the course of the next year."
Health secretary Steve Barclay, writing in the Daily Telegraph, warned that “fixing our NHS is no mean task”.
Suggesting that he would like to see greater transparency in the health service, he wrote: “I want NHS managers and the wider public to have access to the same facts from the front line, starting with publishing the number of 12-hour waits from the time of arrival in A&E from April.”
He also says that he wants to “hold true to that promise of an NHS that is always there for us”.
The plan also sets out staffing and workforce reforms, with plans to give NHS more flexibility and making it easier for staff to move between hospitals and work in services like 111, while creating more options for call handlers to work from home.
There will also be efforts to expand the number of emergency medical technicians, alongside greater use of student and apprentice paramedics, as well as training more staff in mental health.
“The NHS has been under more pressure than I have ever known in my 25 years working in the service,” NHS chief executive Amanda Pritchard said, adding that officials will shortly set out its workforce plan.
Ministers want to ensure that 76% of A&E patients are seen within four hours by next March, while category two ambulance response times – such as suspected strokes, heart attacks, burns and epilepsy – get to an average of 30 minutes over the next year.
Matthew Taylor, chief executive of the NHS Confederation, called it an “important road-map”, but warned that success would “depend on NHS staff continuing to go above and beyond, but also on concerted action to reduce the numbers of people needing to come into contact with emergency and urgent care services in the first place.”
Dr Adrian Boyle, president of the Royal College of Emergency Medicine, welcomed most the proposals, but warned that “the implementation and results are what really matter”.
Wes Streeting, Labour’s shadow health secretary, dismissed the initial details of the plan.
“Now Rishi Sunak is watering down standards for patients. Even if the NHS achieves his targets, patients will be left waiting longer than is safe,” he said.
“Expecting the Conservatives to fix the crisis in the NHS is like expecting an arsonist to put out the fire they started, it is just not going to happen.”
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