A chip shop owner from Essex has vowed to continue his fight for justice, despite failing in his legal challenge to overturn an £85 parking fine.
Barry Beavis took his case to the Supreme Court, hoping to pave the way for thousands of motorists to contest fines he considers unfair.
But the law lords rejected his appeal. In their judgement, the charge was reasonable.
Background to the case
Mr Beavis was given an £85 fine by ParkingEye for overstaying the free parking period at the Riverside Retail Park in Chelmsford by nearly an hour in 2013. He claimed the sanction was "unfair and disproportionate".
He then decided to take his claim to the County Court and Court of Appeal, but his challenge was dismissed on both occasions.
Finally, he turned to the Supreme Court but once again his case was rejected.
What is Mr Beavis' reaction to today's ruling?
"I'm incredibly disappointed but I don't think it's over. I think that parliament now needs to decide what is the right fee for private parking companies to charge. I'm now going to lobby government. I would urge everyone to do exactly the same and get in touch with their minister and ask what is excessive? If £85 isn't, what is going to be?"
What is the British Parking Association's reaction to today's ruling?
"This is no time to celebrate, it's time for us to carry on doing the important work we started seven years ago which was to bring about proper and fair enforcement of parking on private land. We've built a code of practice with consumer groups, and we'll continue that important work in the knowledge that the Supreme Court has said that what is happening is fair and reasonable."