Campaigners in South Yorkshire have been holding a series of protest meetings after chemicals giant In-Eos was given a government licence to carry out test fracking operations in the Dearne Valley.
The area is set to become Yorkshire's next battleground following the decision to allow drilling for shale gas at Kirby Misperton.
The company says the new industry will provide thousands of jobs - just as coal did for so many decades.
But opponents have warned of falling house prices and perceived environmental risks.
Click below to watch David Hirst's report: