Researchers at the University of Leeds are set to receive nearly 2.5 million pounds over the next five years from Cancer Research UK.
The funding, which is one of the biggest grants ever awarded by the charity, is part of its global project to find new ways to prevent and treat bowel cancer.
Bowel cancer is the 4th most common cancer in the UK, accounting for 12% of all new cancer cases in 2015*.
Scientists say there are many lifestyle factors that influence people's risk of developing the disease. They believe the impact of these factors, such as diet and obesity, on the microbiome may play an important role in bowel cancer development.
Professor Philip Quirke, Professor of Pathology at the University of Leeds, said: