Epilepsy: Signs, symptoms and treatment

Epilepsy affects the brain and causes frequent seizures. It starts most commonly in childhood or in people over 60.


  • Uncontrollable shaking known as a fit
  • Staring blankly into space
  • Strange sensations such as a 'rising' feeling in the tummy and unusual smells or tastes
  • Collapsing


  • Medicines called anti-epileptic drug
  • Surgery to remove a part of the brain causing seizures
  • Procedure to put a small device inside the body to control seizures
  • A special diet

When to get help

  • If someone has a seizure for the first time
  • Seizure lasts more than 5 minutes
  • Multiple seizures in a row
  • Breathing problems or is seriously injured

Causes of epilepsy

Details of further advice and information at NHS.UK