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Two men who battled insurgents as Prince Harry and his fellow troops came under attack at Camp Bastion are among 118 military personnel being honoured today.
Other heroes include a medic on her first tour of duty who treated an injured serviceman as Taliban bullets whistled overhead.
ITV News Correspondent Martha Fairlie met some of them:
Army medic Lance Corporal Abbie Martin is to receive the Queen's Commendation for Valuable Service, which recognises meritorious service during, or in support of, operations.
On her first tour of Afghanistan, she ignored Taliban bullets whistling overhead to treat a dying colleague.
Several days later she treated multiple casualties after a grenade blast, successfully saving all the injured.
Lance Corporal Lawrence Kayser has ben awarded the Military Cross for saving colleagues from a "potentially disastrous situation" in Helmand Province in June 2012.
His platoon came upon a large-group of enemy while preparing an ambush, when the 27-year-old leapt from a ditch, charged Taliban fighters and fought them at close quarters in their compound.
He said: "I am really humbled, my platoon is made up of the best members of the Battalion. It's not my medal, even though part of that incident I was alone, I wasn't truly alone."
Forty-three-year-old Sergeant Roy Geddes, from the RAF Regiment, and Corporal Kurt Lee, 28, also from the RAF, battled insurgents when they attacked Camp Bastion in September last year.
It is said that Sgt Geddes, from Elgin, Moray, "breathed fire into the spirit of his men" when Camp Bastion was attacked, despite being wounded in the knee.
He is the second member of the RAF to receive the Military Cross for action in Afghanistan.
Sgt Geddes is recognised alongside Cpl Lee, from Bury, Lancashire, who is Mentioned In Despatches for his own role in the battle.
Captain Michael Dobbin, 28, from the Grenadier Guards has been awarded a military cross after he personally led a 200m charge at insurgents in Nahr-e-Saraj in Afghanistan last summer.
Captain Dobbin was on the same patrol as Lance-Corporal James Ashworth, of the First Battalion, The Grenadier Guards, who became the first recipient of the Victoria Cross since 2006 after being awarded it posthumously last week.
More than 100 members of the armed forces are to be awarded military honours.
Praising the recipients of the honours, Defence Secretary Philip Hammond said: "In a changing world the bravery and commitment to duty of our servicemen and women remains unswerving.
"Whether fighting for our security on operations abroad or rescuing mountaineers and sailors within the British Isles, they deserve our gratitude and respect.
"I hope that the awards announced today go some way to underlining how much this country values the efforts and sacrifices of our Armed Forces."
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Some 118 members of the British Armed Forces are included in the latest Operational Honours list.