Middlesbrough has been named as the worst area in the country for the number of children who are ill prepared for starting school.
The town led in the Ofsted findings, with South Tyneside emerging second.
The report from the Policy Exchange found parents living in the most deprived parts of the country receive the poorest childcare, leaving youngstest ill equipped for full-time education.
The report says that the gap between childcare in rich and poor areas needs to be reduced.
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The region's MPs have been reacting to Theresa May's historic Brexit defeat. The government lost by 202 votes to 432 votes.
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The organisation has called on the Government to do ''whatever it can do, to avoid leaving the EU without a deal.''