Syrians living in rebel-held areas of the capital are manufacturing their own gas masks in case the area comes under another chemical attack like that of 21 August.
A home in the Ghouta region of Damascus has been converted into makeshift factory turning out 200-300 masks each day. Volunteers then distribute them to local residents.
"With our limited resources we were able to produce this protective mask that is made of cotton, coal, wax, and other similar material. God willing this mask will be effective and protect people," said one volunteer called Ibrahim Shami.
They hope that the masks, which are entirely funded by local donations, will be effective enough to give people time to escape any future attack.