Vladimir Putin has ordered all Russian passenger flights to and from Egypt to be suspended, and a plan drafted to get Russians stranded there home.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov insisted that the decision did not mean a terrorist attack was behind a passenger jet crash last week.
Flights will remain suspended until the required level of industry safety had been reached, he added, with Russian authorities ordered to cooperate with Cairo in meeting standards.
According to Russian media reports, citing the country's tourism agency, around 45,000 Russian nationals are currently on holiday in Egypt.
Monarch has cancelled all flights to and from Sharm until December 19 as the Government said direct returns would end after November 17.
New mum who was stranded in Sharm el-Sheikh says "words can't describe how happy" she is to be reunited with baby after return from Egypt.
As flights begin to leave Sharm el-Sheikh airport for the UK we take a look at what passengers should do if they are due to fly.