Russia has announced a series of economic sanctions against Turkey after the downing of a Russian jet near the Syrian border.
In a series of restrictions announced by the Kremlin, President Vladimir Putin imposed:
- Restrictions on imports of some Turkish products
- Limits on the operations of some Turkish firms based in Russia
- Russian tour operators were told to refrain from selling holidays to Turkey
- Russian companies are to also restrict hiring Turkish staff from January 1, 2016.
Tensions between the two countries have been fraught since Turkey shot down a Russian military jet near the Syrian border on November 24.
One pilot survived but the other was reportedly killed by militants on the ground.
Turkey claims it issued repeated warnings to the plane saying it was in their airspace before it was shot down.
But the surviving Russian pilot Captain Konstantin Murakhtin maintained he did not violate Turkey's airspace and that he heard no prior warnings.
Turkey has shown it is willing to take on Russia after downing a Russian fighter jet.
This incident will leave the American military profoundly alarmed that the Syrian conflict is now threatening to spiral out of all control.