Prince Charles has delivered a personal message from the Queen in which she pays tribute to the "indomitable spirit" of the people of Aberfan on the 50th anniversary of the coalslide disaster that claimed 144 lives.
Her Majesty also made reference to the poet who wrote that "all the elements of tragedy are here" after attending the devastated Welsh village.
Philip Thomas doesn't like to dwell on the disaster that buried him alive - but he can still recall in detail how an unpaid debt saved him.
Eleven when she lost her younger sister in the Aberfan disaster, Denise Morgan recalls a time of confusion, guilt and "unbelievable grief".
Wales has fallen silent to mark the 50th anniversary of the Aberfan disaster, which cost the lives of 116 schoolchildren.