No Britons have been selected in the list of 13 specialised video assistant referees named by world governing body FIFA for this summer's World Cup.
FIFA said "the selection criteria for the VARs was primarily based on their experience as video match officials in their respective national associations and confederation competitions, in addition to their successful participation in several preparatory seminars and FIFA competitions, where they enhanced their VAR knowledge and skills by using the system".
The VAR system has generated lots of debate in its worldwide trials, with some arguing it has created additional controversy over decision-making rather than reducing it.
England is the only one of the home nations to have qualified for the tournament. But there will be no match officials from England, Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland, nor the Republic of Ireland, who also failed to qualify, at Russia 2018.
Englishman Howard Webb was the World Cup final referee at South Africa 2010 and was England's referee representative at the Brazil 2014 tournament.
FIFA has selected 36 referees and 63 assistant referees - 10 referees and 20 assistants are from European governing body UEFA - and some of these officials will also be given VAR appointments prior to matches, the world governing body said.
The VAR team will be located in a centralised video operation room in Moscow and has access to all relevant broadcast cameras and two dedicated offside cameras, FIFA states on its website.
There will be one VAR and three assistant VARs for each match at the tournament, which begins when hosts Russia play Saudi Arabia in Moscow on June 14.