From London to Australia, a novel crime prevention model, first piloted in Cardiff, is being replicated around the world as it celebrates its 20th anniversary.
Based on data sharing between hospitals, police and local authorities, the Cardiff Model has seen a significant reduction in violent crime in the Cardiff area over the last 20 years. It was pioneered by Professor Jonathan Shepherd, Director of Cardiff University’s Violence Research Group, after he discovered that three-quarters of incidents which result in hospital emergency department (ED) treatment are not known to police.
Still being implemented across Cardiff, where violence-related injuries continue to fall, the Cardiff Model has also been adopted in other cities around the world, in countries such as Netherlands, United States, Australia and South Africa.
When it was piloted 20 years ago, the Cardiff Model was an entirely new way of preventing violence, in which data from hospitals is shared with the police and local authorities. Receptionists at EDs record the precise location and weapon used from people injured in violence, and this information is anonymised and combined with police data to inform violence prevention strategy and tactics.