Achievement for young people in Wales is still being dictated by where they love according to new data from the Learning and Work Institute Cymru.
The Youth Opportunity Index, the first of its kind in Wales, showed that young people growing up in deprived areas have the least access to opportunities.
The index ranks each local authority in Wales by levels of educational achievement and employment outcomes for young people.
This includes a range of measures from GCSE performance to participation in Higher Education and Apprenticeships.
The South East Wales Valleys show high levels of disadvantage with Torfaen, Merthyr Tydfil, Caerphilly and Blaenau Gwent the four lowest scoring authorities.