Unlike our regular earth weather, where we look at a combination of water, temperature and air to forecast weather systems, space weather looks at something altogether different.
The ingredients are electromagnetic energy, particles and magnetic fields and how these interact with the earth's atmosphere and infrastructure.
When we look at clouds and weather systems in our atmosphere we're using information collected from satellites as high as 35,800km above the earth's surface.
When we look at data from space weather, the closest satellite to earth is a million miles away!
It stays in the same position and follows the earth as it orbits the sun, and other satellites form a network that allow us to monitor the sun's activity and when solar flares erupt and head towards us.
The most familiar way of seeing this interaction is the northern lights, where the particles and electromagnetic energy hits the the earth's atmosphere to give us those beautiful dancing colourful lights at the poles.
In extreme cases, however, a powerful solar flare will have impacts on GPS, satellite navigation systems, satellites, radio communication and power networks.
In our modern world it's therefore very important to be able to give as much notice as possible to reduce the interruption to our daily lives.
Thankfully the sun is pretty quiet at the moment...